One of the UNESCO World heritage sites, the Leshan Buddha stand as an impressive statue dating back to 713A.D. since Tang Dynasty when it was completed
It is located at the confluence of Min River, East coast of Leshan City, and Dadu River, since it was built at Lingyun Mountain cliff, it is also known as Lingyun Giant Buddha.
The Leshan Giant Buddha was first built since Tang Dynasty (713), completed at 19th year of Zhenyuan, costing 90 years, by far has more than 1200 years of history. The Buddha statue has symmetrical postures, with compassionate facial , full-length 71 meters, head height 14.7 meters, head width 10 meters, should width 8 meters, neck length 3 meters, ear length 6.7 meters, there are 1021 chignons on its head.
|Contributed by Laura Maya - Lehsan Buddha|
Surrounding the area were some ditches and caves, which act as adrainage, cooling an ventilation system preventing the Giant Buddha from erosive weathering, making the Giant Buddha still standing at the bank of Qingyi River after thousands years of wind and frost.
It was understood that when Leshan Giant Buddha was first built, there are also 13 layers of pavilions and towers above the Buddha, known as “Giant Buddha Pavillion”, providing a shelter for the Giant Buddha, but those were destroyed somewhere at the end of Ming Dynasty due to war conflict . Tourist can feel the aura of culture as they make their way up to the statue's head, but along the way you are able to see a beautiful Buddhist temple and square.
|Contributed by Laura Maya - Lehsan Buddha |
On December 6th, 1996, Leshan Giant Buddha was approved by the UNESCO as the Heritage of World Culture and Nature and was officially inscribed on the World Heritage List. The comment of the Committee of World Heritage was as follows: "During the first century A. D., Mount Emei in Sichuan province became one of Buddhism's holiest sites. Over the centuries, the cultural treasures grew in number. The most remarkable is the Giant Buddha of Leshan, carved out of a hillside in the 8th century. At 71 m high, it is the largest Buddha in the world."
Tang,s legacy in China has lives on even after ten centuries later, particularly in architecture and art forms. Tang influence can be seen throughout China and also in Japan and Korea .Around Xi'an, the site of Chang'an, there are fabulous treasures from both Tang and other eras. Indeed, the western region of China is blessed with a cradle historical wonders, both man-made and natural. To name a few famous sites , the Shaolin Temple has become famed worldwide for its energetic martial art ,Shaolin is within easy reach of Xi'an. Another Close to Xian itself is Mount Huashan, one of five famous mountains in China, which boasts a series of strikingly-shaped peaks. The many museums in the region have fascinating displays which trace China's long and illustrious history,the Famensi is another famous pilgrimage temple for Buddhist .
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Finally the Terracotta Museum , Terracotta Warriors and Horses" is a collection of armies and warrior sculptures ,it is near to Xian , but not related to Tang dynasty .